Cybulski, Zbigniew

Zbigniew Hubert Cybulski (Polish. Zbigniew Hubert Cybulski, November 3, 1927, Knyazhe village, Sniatyn county, Stanislavovsky Voivodeship – January 8, 1967, Wroclaw) – Polish theater and film actor, a legend of his generation.

Biography

Zbigniew Tsybulsky was born in the village of Knyazh in Pokutye (modern Ivano-Frankivsk region of Ukraine) in 1927. After 1945, Poland lost these territories, and today not a trace remains of the estate that belonged to the Cybulski family.

During the war, Cybulski was in Warsaw with his younger brother. The parents of the future actor were deported by the communists at the beginning of the war. In 1946, having made their way through the Middle East and Western Europe, they returned – already on the territory that had ceded to Poland after the war.

In 1953 he graduated from the State Higher Theater School in Krakow. He played at the Academic Theater in Krakow, then with Leon Schiller in Vybrezhe Theater in Gdansk, where he became friends with the actor Bohumil Kobely. In the early 60s he moved to Warsaw. He performed in the theater, starred in the best films for the largest Polish directors of that era (Andrzej Wajda, Andrzej Munk, Jerzy Kawalerowicz, Wojciech Has, Tadeusz Konwicki, etc.).

On January 8, 1967, returning from filming, on platform three of the Wroclaw-Glavniy railway station, Cybulski tried to jump onto a moving train (as he often did), in which Marlene Dietrich, who was on tour in Wroclaw, was leaving, slipped and fell under the train, he died in the hospital an hour later.

According to friends, he often happened to take such risks, but this time he did not calculate the movement and his leg was stuck between the train and the platform. In several films, Cybulsky’s hero jumps out of the train just like that (as in „Flip») or jumps into it on the move (as in „Train»).

He was buried in the center of Katowice, in the Catholic cemetery on Henryk Sienkiewicz Street.

On January 8, 1997, a memorial plaque was erected at the site of Tsibulsky’s death.

He was a distant relative of Wojciech Jaruzelski by his mother (nee Jaruzelska).

Filmography

  • 1954 – Kariera („Career», directed by Jan Koecher, screenwriter Tadeusz Konwicki)
  • 1954 – Pokolenie („Generation», debut by Andrzej Wajda)
  • 1955 – Trzy starty („Three Starts», „bicycle» novel, directed by Stanislav Lenartovich)
  • 1956 – Koniec nocy („End of the Night», directed by Julian Dzedzina, Pavel Komorovsky, Valentina Ushitskaya)
  • 1956 – Tajemnica dzikiego szybu („The Mystery of the Old Gallery», by Vadim Berestovsky)
  • 1957 – Wraki („Wreckage of a Ship», directed by Eva Petelskaya and Cheslav Petelsky)
  • 1958 – Krzyż Walecznych („Cross of the Brave», directed by Kazimierz Kuts)
  • 1958 – Ósmy dzień tygodnia („The Eighth Day of the Week», directed by Alexander Ford)
  • 1958 – Popiół i diament (Ashes and Diamonds, directed by Andrzej Wajda; BAFTA nomination for Best Foreign Actor)
  • 1959 – Pociąg („Train», in the Soviet box office – „Mysterious Passenger», directed by Jerzy Kavalerowicz)
  • 1960 – Do widzenia, do jutra („Goodbye, see you tomorrow», directed by Janusz Morgenstern) – also co-scriptwriter
  • 1960 – Niewinni czarodzieje („Innocent Sorcerers», directed by Andrzej Wajda)
  • 1961 – Rozstanie (Parting, directed by Wojciech Has)
  • 1961 – Le thé à la menthe („Tea with menthol», France, directed by Per Kafyan)
  • 1962 – Spóźnieni przechodnie („Late Passers-by», short story „The Teacher», directed by Jan Rybkovsky)
  • 1962 – Jak być kochaną („How to be loved», directed by Wojciech Has)
  • 1962 – La Poupée („The Doll», France / Italy, directed by Barate)
  • 1962 – L’amour a vingt ans („Love at Twenty», a Polish short story in an international film, directed by Andrzej Wajda)
  • 1963 – Ich dzień powszedni („Their weekday», directed by Alexander Scibor-Rylsky)
  • 1963 – Milczenie („Silence», directed by Kazimierz Kuts)
  • 1963 – Rozwodów nie będzie („There Will Be No Divorces», directed by Jerzy Stefan Stawiński)
  • 1963 – Zbrodniarz i panna („The Girl from the Bank», directed by Janusz Nasfeter)
  • 1964 – Att alska („To Love», Sweden, directed by Jorn Donner)
  • 1964 – Giuseppe w Warszawie (in the domestic box office „An Italian in Warsaw», directed by Stanislav Lenartovich)
  • 1964 – Pingwin („Penguin in Love», directed by Jerzy Stefan Stawiński)
  • 1965 – Rękopis znaleziony w Saragossie („The Manuscript Found in Zaragoza», directed by Wojciech Has)
  • 1965 – Jutro Meksyk („Tomorrow Mexico», directed by Alexander Scibor-Rylsky)
  • 1965 – Salto („Somersault», directed by Tadeusz Konwicki)
  • 1965 – Sam pośród miasta („Alone in the City», directed by Halina Belinska)
  • 1966 – Cała naprzód („Full speed ahead!», Directed by Stanislav Lenartovich)
  • 1966 – Iluzja („Illusion», directed by Constant Chichishvili)
  • 1966 – Mistrz („The Master», directed by Jerzy Antczak)
  • 1966 – Przedświąteczny wieczór („Pre-holiday evening», directed by and Jerzy Stefan Stavinsky)
  • 1966 – Szyfry („Ciphers», directed by Wojciech Has)
  • 1967 – Jowita („Jovita», directed by Janusz Morgenstern, film debut by Olgerd Lukashevich)
  • 1967 – Morderca zostawia ślad („The Killer Leaves a Trail», directed by Alexander Scibor-Rylsky)

Confession

In 1996 he was recognized by the audience as the best Polish actor of all time. On the basis of his biography (and the director’s deepest nostalgia for him), A. Wajda’s film „Everything for Sale» (1968), several documentaries were filmed.

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